First woman to conquer Mount Everest, Junko Tabei
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The Inspiring Journey of Junko Tabei, The First Woman to Conquer Mount Everest

Climbing mountains is no easy feat. It requires strength, determination, and an insatiable thirst of adventure. Now, imagine standing on top of the majestic Mount Everest, the pinnacle of the world’s heights. This is precisely where Junko Tabei found herself — the fearless woman who dared to conquer the unconquerable, leaving her mark in the history’s pages as the first woman to conquer Mount Everest in 1975.

Junko Tabei Everest
Junko Tabei / Credit: Wikimedia Commons

As she ascended the dangerous slopes, the wind whispered ancient tales of courage, mingling with the beats of her heart. The silence of the towering peak nurtured her strength, urging her onward, as if the mountain itself recognized her audacious spirit. With every step, she transcended boundaries and inspiring generations to defy their limits.

Immerse yourself in her world, where the air grows thinner, and the horizon stretches endlessly. Feel the chill of the winds that whip through your hair, carrying whispers of triumph and determination. Stand in awe of the mountain’s majesty, its peaks piercing the sky like the dreams of those who dare to believe.

In that solitary moment atop Everest’s summit, Junko Tabei gazed upon a world transformed. The breathtaking panorama wrapped up before her eyes, a vivid tapestry of untamed beauty. With each gasp of air, she inhaled the triumph of generations past, and exhaled a resounding call to those yet to come.

Junko Tabei Everest
Junko Tabei at the Summit of Mount Everest, 2006 / Photo Credit: HipCamp

The Beginning of A Life of Adventure

In the humble valleys of Japan, Junko Tabei’s journey of conquest began. Born in 1939 with a spirit as untamable as the raging rivers, she possessed a curiosity that surpassed the boundaries of her small town of Miharu, Fukushima. From an early age, she felt an inexplicable yearning for the untamed heights of the mountains that surrounded her. Although she was a frail child, she climbed her first mountain at 10 years old, Mount Nasu.

In her youth, Junko’s heart danced to the rhythm of nature’s symphony. She would wander through the enchanting forests, her eyes sparkling with wonder as she traced the contours of the rolling hills. It was here that she discovered her love for the great outdoors, where she found the nature’s embrace. But her parents could not afford to sustain this expensive activity, so she studied eventually English literature at Showa Women’s University in Tokyo.

Junko Tabei, Mount Yari in Japan, 1961 / COURTESY OF TABEI KIKAKU / LADIES CLIMBING CLUB

Challenging The Status Quo

She was planning on becoming a teacher, but her heart pushed her to go back to her initial love: the mountains. She joined numerous climbing clubs for men. In a society that often discouraged women from venturing into the realm of mountaineering, Junko dared to challenge the status quo. With steely determination, she embarked on her first climbing expedition, defying conventions. Before long, she conquered the towering peaks of Japan, triumphing over formidable challenges, including the legendary Mount Fuji.

Junko Tabei
Photo Credit: Twitter/@montagne360

In 1969, Junko blazed a trail by establishing the Joshi-Tohan Club, a groundbreaking women-only mountaineering club. With their rallying cry, Let’s go on an overseas expedition by ourselves, they embarked on a remarkable journey as the first of its kind in Japan. Junko’s decision to create this club was born out of her own experiences and the prejudice she faced from male mountaineers at the time.

With the establishment of the Joshi-Tohan Club, Junko not only created a safe haven for women climbers but also shattered stereotypes and redefined societal expectations. Her club became a beacon of empowerment, proving that women were just as capable as men in conquering the heights and defying conventional limitations.

The Everest Expedition

After a successful ascent of Annapurna III in 1970, the Joshi-Tohan Club decided to take on Everest! They created the Japanese Women’s Everest Expedition team of 15 members and two of them, including Junko, were already mothers. Of course, they were often told that their place is at home, raising children. That’s why they fought so hard to receive funding, while men clubs were always funded. Even after applying for a climbing permit for Everest, they had to wait 4 more years to receive a spot in the ‘climbing schedule’. How absurd is that?

Junko Tabei funded most of the expedition herself, finding last-minute funds from newspapers and televisions, while teaching piano lessons on the side. She even made most of her equipment herself, to save money. She made trousers from old curtains and waterproof gloves out of her car cover.

After intense training, the team embarked on their expedition in May 1975. They attracted a lot of media attention with their plans and their search for funds. As they set off, journalists and camera crew captured the first steps of their adventure. Little did they know what lay ahead.

first woman to conquer Mount Everest
Junko Tabei / Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The Avalanche

On the 4th of May, disaster struck. While camping at 6,300 meters (20,700 ft), an avalanche mercilessly washed out their camp. Junko and four fellow climbers found themselves buried under a suffocating blanket of snow. Miraculously, Junko survived, even though she lost consciousness and the sherpa guides rescued her. Thankfully, there were no casualties.

Though bruised and injured, Junko’s spirit remained unbroken. Despite her difficulties in walking, she refused to be defeated. After two days of recovery, she courageously pushed forward, resuming her role as the leader of the expedition. Nothing could deter her from reaching the summit.

The team’s original plan was for two women, accompanied by a sherpa, to conquer Everest’s peak. However, due to altitude sickness, the sherpas couldn’t carry enough oxygen bottles for two climbers. Tough decisions had to be made. After much deliberation, Junko was chosen to continue the climb.

Photo Credit: Twitter/@MindTheCeiling

Reaching The Top

As she neared the summit, Junko faced an unexpected challenge. A treacherous ridge of ice, never mentioned in previous accounts, awaited her. Determined and enraged, she cautiously crawled along the precarious ridge, describing it as the most intense experience of her life.

Twelve days after the avalanche, on May 16, 1975, accompanied by her sherpa guide Ang Tsering, Junko became the first woman to reach the summit of Everest.

Junko Tabei Everest
Junko Tabei on top of Mount Everest, 1975 / Credit: Associated Press

Technique and ability alone do not get you to the top; it is the willpower that is the most important. This willpower you cannot buy with money or be given by others… it rises from your heart.

Junko Tabei


Her triumph didn’t go unnoticed. She was greeted with a shower of attention and accolades. A grand parade celebrated her in Kathmandu, while thousands of jubilant supporters welcomed her back at the Tokyo airport. Messages of congratulations poured in from the King of Nepal and the Japanese government. Junko’s remarkable journey even inspired a television miniseries, and she embarked on a series of personal appearances across Japan.

Despite the fame and recognition, she remained humble. She expressed discomfort with the spotlight, preferring to be remembered simply as the 36th person to summit Everest. Her true motivation was never to be the first woman; it was a personal pursuit, driven by an unwavering passion for the mountains and the thrill of overcoming challenges.

Junko Tabei’s extraordinary journey continues to reverberate, evoking a sense of awe and wonder. Her conquest of Mount Everest wasn’t merely a physical triumph; it was a testament to the human spirit’s boundless potential. She proved that dreams have no gender, and limitations crumble before those who possess tireless determination!

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